NEWARK, N.J. — Americans enjoying newfound liberty are expected to travel and gather for cookouts, fireworks and family reunions over the Fourth of July weekend in numbers not seen since pre-pandemic days.
Yet lingering restrictions, worker shortages and still significant numbers of unvaccinated people mean some may not be as free as they would like to be.
And there are fears that the mixing of large numbers of vaccinated and unvaccinated Americans at a time when the highly contagious delta variant is spreading rapidly in the U.S. could undo some of the progress made against the scourge.
Airlines are expecting a banner holiday and have struggled to get enough staffing to fly their planes and keep up with the millions of travelers passing through airports. Pools and beaches have been experiencing a shortage of lifeguards, and restaurants and bars in tourist destinations have had to scale back hours because of a lack of help.
President Joe Biden has welcomed the July 4 holiday as a historic moment in the nation’s recovery from a crisis that has killed over 600,000 Americans and led to months of restrictions that are now almost gone. He plans to host more than 1,000 people at the White House — first responders, essential workers and troops — for a cookout and fireworks to celebrate what the administration is calling a “summer of freedom.”
The moment comes at an awkward time in the pandemic. The nation is averaging about 12,000 new cases and 250 deaths a day thanks to vaccines that have been administered to two-thirds of the nation’s adults. But that is short of the goal of 70% by July 4 that Biden set.
Vaccine hesitancy remains stubborn, especially in the Deep South and West, allowing the delta variant to spread throughout the country.
AAA forecasts that more than 47 million people will travel by car or plane this weekend in the U.S., a return to 2019 levels and 40% higher than last year. That includes 3.5 million airline passengers.
At Newark International Airport in New Jersey, travelers waited in long check-in lines Wednesday and encountered flight delays that tested their patience. Some were just happy to get on a plane after vacation plans were disrupted last year by COVID-19 restrictions.
Rhetta Williams, a 54-year-old manager at a pharmaceutical company, was traveling to Charleston, South Carolina, for a family reunion with about 50 relatives that was postponed a year ago because of the virus.
“And we’re not going to be practicing any social distancing,” she said, laughing.
While masks have been shed around the country even in indoor spaces, the Transportation Security Administration emphasizes that they are still required at airports and on planes.
Williams is confident of the effectiveness of such safeguards and the shots she got.
“I’m fully vaccinated, so I go with that, and I just take my safety measures,” she said.
Zach Carothers, a 21-year-old computer science student, came the opposite direction, flying from the University of South Carolina to Newark for a weekend at the Jersey Shore, where people have been flocking back following the easing of restrictions.
“It’s nice to get back to it after quarantining for so long. It’s nice to see people out,” Carothers said, adding that he is looking forward to a vacation that “will definitely have celebratory beers.”
To keep enough workers to meet demand, Southwest Airlines offered double pay for flight attendants and other employees who agree to extra work through Wednesday. Unions at Southwest and American Airlines said management did not act quickly enough to retain and retrain pilots after furloughs and retirements spurred by the pandemic.
Not everyone is accepting the continuing safety restrictions gracefully. Airlines are reporting increasing cases of disruptive passengers refusing to wear masks.
Fireworks are likely to draw some of the biggest crowds many communities have seen in months.
“Outdoor stuff remains, I think, pretty safe for unvaccinated or vaccinated people,” said Dr. Ashish Jha, dean of Brown University’s School of Public Health. “Probably a packed outdoor concert is not ideal, but short of that, outdoor activity is safe for people. Watching fireworks is fine.”
So long as everyone stays outside.
“With soaring temperatures in many places, I’m nervous more folks will move their parties and events indoors, which does pose a risk,” said Dr. Saskia Popescu, an infectious disease expert at George Mason University.
In many parts of the U.S., people are becoming too lax about the virus, said Dr. Lynn Goldman. Some states have less than half their population fully vaccinated.
“I’m concerned about most of the country,” said Goldman, dean of George Washington University’s school of public health. “I think it’s premature to declare it over, especially because of what we see in other parts of the world.”
But Dr. Georges Benjamin, executive director of the American Public Health Association, said the fully vaccinated are OK to gather with other fully vaccinated people.
“Get on the deck, have a great barbecue, enjoy the Fourth,” he said.
Associated Press Writers David Koenig in Dallas and Andrew Dalton in Los Angeles contributed. Murphy reported from Indianapolis.